Report of Birth Abroad

  1. Adoption
  2. Report of Birth Abroad
  3. Two-parent consent

Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA)

A Consular Report of Birth (CRBA) is evidence of United States citizenship, issued to a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents who meet the requirements for transmitting citizenship under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

CRBA applications must be made before the child’s 18th birthday, and we recommend that the parents apply for the CRBA as soon as possible after the child’s birth. For applicants older than age 18 who have never been issued a CRBA, please refer to Possible Derivative Claim to U.S. Citizenship. Anyone who has a claim to U.S. citizenship must be in possession of a valid U.S passport to enter and exit the United States, even if they have citizenship of another country, as well.

You may prove U.S. citizenship with any one of the following:

  • Previous U.S. Passport (mutilated, altered, or damaged passports are not acceptable as evidence of U.S. citizenship.)
  • Certified birth certificate issued by the city, county or state.
  • A certified birth certificate has a registrar’s raised, embossed, impressed or multicolored seal, registrar’s signature, and the date the certificate was filed with the registrar’s office, which must be within 1 year of your birth
  • Consular Report of Birth Abroad or Certification of Birth
  • Naturalization Certificate
  • Certificate of Citizenship

A Delayed Birth Certificate filed more than one year after your birth may be acceptable if it lists the documentation used to create it, and is signed by the attending physician or midwife, or lists an affidavit signed by the parents, or shows early public records.

If you do not have a previous U.S. passport or a certified birth certificate, you will need:

  • Letter of “No Record found”, issued by the Vital Statistics office of the state of your birth stating your name, date of birth, which years were searched for a birth record and that there is no birth certificate on file for you, and as many of the following as possible:
  • baptismal certificate
  • hospital birth certificate
  • census record
  • early school record
  • family bible record
  • doctor’s record of post-natal care

These documents must be early public records showing the date and place of birth, preferably created within the first five years of the applicant’s life.

You may also submit an Affidavit of Birth, Form DS-10, (PDF Document Size: 117Kb) from an older blood relative, i.e., a parent, aunt, uncle, sibling, who has personal knowledge of your birth. It must be notarized or have the seal and signature of the acceptance agent.

If you were born abroad and do not have a Consular Report of Birth Abroad or Certificate of Birth on file, you will need other documentation as shown below.

If you claim citizenship through birth abroad to one U.S. citizen parent:

  1. Foreign birth certificate,
  2. Proof of citizenship of your U.S. citizen parent, AND
  3. An affidavit of your U.S. citizen parent showing all periods and places of residence or physical presence in the United States and abroad before your birth.

If you claim citizenship through birth abroad to two U.S. citizen parents:

  1. Your foreign birth certificate,
  2. Parents’ marriage certificate, AND
  3. Proof of citizenship of your U.S. parents and an affidavit of your U.S. citizen parents showing all periods and places of residence of physical presence in the United States and abroad before your birth.

The following are not proof of citizenship:

  • Voter registration cards.
  • Army discharge papers.
  • Information on foreign-born children adopted by U.S. citizens.

Transmission of U.S. citizenship depends on:

  1. At least one parent having the nationality of the United States at the time of the child’s birth;
  2. The existence of a blood relationship between the child and U.S. citizen parent(s);
  3. Documentary evidence demonstrating the U.S. citizen parent(s)’ presence in the United States prior to the child’s birth, as specified below.

Examples of Documentation

Some examples of documentary evidence which may be considered to demonstrate that physical presence requirements have been met may include (but are not limited to):
  • Wage and tax statements (W-2)
  • Academic transcripts
  • Employment records
  • Rental receipts
  • Records of honorable U.S. military service, employment with U.S. Government or certain intergovernmental international organizations; or as a dependent, unmarried child and member of the household of a parent in such service or employment (except where indicated).
  • U.S. passport stamps may be considered a part of the evidence submitted, but should not be the sole documentary evidence. Drivers’ licenses do not constitute evidence of physical presence.

If you have other children who have been issued with a Consular Report of Birth Abroad, this may be considered as supplemental evidence. Please also read important information regarding Supporting Documents.

Transmission Requirements

If parents are married at the time of the child’s birth, but only one is a U.S. Citizen, the U.S. Citizen parent must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possessions for at least five years, two of which must be after the age of 14. (This is only for children born on or after November 14, 1986).

If parents are unmarried at time of child’s birth, the mother is a U.S. citizen and the father is a non-U.S. citizen, the mother must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possession for one continuous year. (For Children born on or after December 24, 1952 and on or before June 11, 2017).

For children born on or after June 12, 2017, if parents are unmarried at time of child’s birth, the mother is a U.S. citizen and the father is a non-U.S. citizen, the mother must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possession for five years, two of which were after the age of 14.

For children born on or after November 14, 1986: If parents are unmarried at the time of the child’s birth, the father is a U.S. citizen and the mother is a non-U.S. citizen, the father must have had physical presence in the U.S. or its possessions for five years, two years of which were after the age of 14; and blood relationship established between father and child; and father (unless deceased) agrees in writing, prior to the child turning 18, to support child until age 18; and while child is under age 18:

  • Child is legitimated, or
  • Father acknowledges paternity under oath, or
  • Paternity established by court adjudication.

For information on Acquisition of U.S. Citizenship by a Child Born Abroad, visit travel.state.gov.

Obtaining a Consular Report of Birth Abroad

Starting September 3, 2018, all appointments for Consular Report Birth Abroad (CRBA) applications at the U.S. Consulate General Auckland, will be made through a mail-in preprocessing appointment schedule system. The system will reduce the wait time and help families prepare for the citizenship appointment at the Consulate. Please follow the instructions below.

For applicants living in areas where there are no consular presence, you may be eligible to submit your application during an ACS outreach program.

  1. Print the CRBA Checklist.
  2. Gather the required documents, including the required application forms.
  3. Send the following to the U.S. Consulate General, Auckland:
    – a photocopy of all documents and completed forms (DO NOT send originals)
    – a photocopy of the bio-page of each parent’s passport or other valid photo identification
    payment
    – the signed CRBA Checklist
    – prepaid Return Courier Pack, for the return of the completed CRBA certificate
    – your personal email address.
    – a local New Zealand phone number where you can be reached.
    Mailing address:
    US Consulate General
    American Citizen Services Section
    Private Bag 92022
    Auckland 1142
  4. Send copies only of your supporting documents. You will be required to submit originals at the time of your scheduled appointment.
  5. Please be advised that we will schedule an appointment for you within 10 working days of receiving your application. Appointments will be scheduled on a Thursday or Friday morning between 9-11am. if you cannot attend an appointment within this time frame, please attach a letter indicating your specific date of availability. We can only schedule appointments within two months of the date the packet was received. If you are not yet prepared to confirm your appointment please DO NOT MAIL your packet.
    Citizenship appointments are in high demand, therefore appointments can be rescheduled for emergencies only on a case by case basis. If your situation is not considered an emergency, you will need to proceed with the appointment given to you. The Consulate will only entertain requests for emergency rescheduling three (3) business days prior to the appointment. Applicants who fail to show up for their scheduled appointments must start the appointment request process from the beginning.
  6. Once the packet is received in our office, our staff will email you the date and time of your appointment and, if needed, a list of items you are missing.
  7. The child/applicant must be present at the interview. Both parents are strongly encouraged to accompany the child.
  8. Please arrive 30 minutes before your appointment time. Your appointment time is not the same as your interview time. Interview times depend on the number of applicants who appear for their appointments as well as the length of processing time for each case.
    Please come prepared. If your application is incomplete on the day of your appointment, you may be asked to schedule a new appointment. This will require you to start the process from the beginning.

To start the process of scheduling a CRBA appointment, download the application forms and gather the documents listed on the CRBA Checklist.